Permed hair is always very liked both by women and men… Is a man asking for that kind of service surprising to you? It is actually one of the most requested after a haircut and a beard trim! That is way today we bring you an article dedicated to man perm, so you can be prepared the next time a client asks for one. Are you interested in an article about perm winding? Click here.
How does winding change on a man? Let’s find out! First off, a man’s hair structure it’s exactly the same as a woman. The execution technique remains the same, you just need to make some little adjustments:
- Generally speaking men tend to have short hair and wrap them around curlers needs a lot of ability.
- It is important to divide in section to wrap the hair with the zigzag system, while trying not to hold the hair too tight on the scalp. Because that can create some visible lines (expecially on thin hair) for a long time. It becomes a negative and anti-aesthetic detail.
- Winding needs to be made in a scattered order, to avoid problems caused by the hair sections.
All technical processes that create specific effects used on women can be used on a man (hair lenght considered). The diagnosis, choices and plannings are also the same for a man and a woman.
After this little premise about all the adjustments to make when perming a man’s hair, let’s see how to treat permed hair. We like to point out that this is just the first of a long list of articles about perm, being such a large topic.
Temporary or permanent waving:
Changing hairstyle has always been a common thing, either for personal taste or just for a whimsical quirk. Hair is always the centre of attention: they change while staying the same, they hold a ton but if you pull them they cede.
To better understand the subject, let’s examine its structure while being careful to all the parts involved in the process, so we can realize how some mechanisms can bring significant changes to the hair structure.
Let’s thoroughly review where all chemical activities take place in the trasformation from straight to wavy.
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Where does it take place?
The chemical and physical waving process, both permanent and temporary, takes place inside the molecular structure of the hair.
When observing hair under the microscope it appears really clearly that its structure has three layers: squamous layer (cuticle), fibrous layer (cortex) and the medulla. Let’s see each one of them.
During the microscope observation of the hair, we can see that the outer surface it’s irregular and not straight. This is because there are a lot of scales around the hair (usually every single scale wraps the hair for about a third of its circumference).
These scales form multiple layers, from four to eight depending of the thickness of the hair. They also overlap to create a protective coat. If the squamous layer is tight and straight, the hair is healty and shiny. If the layer is matte and rough to the touch, the hair is altered by chemical or mechanical causes. Lastly, the scales are translucent and without pigment.
The fibrous layer includes about the 80% of the hair mass. Its structure gives flexibility and elasticity to the hair. In this layer, also called “amorphous” keratine, the permanent waving process happens, because there are a lot of sulfus bridges to minimize.
What is keratine?
It is an organic compound composed by carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur. This highly talked about substance is non other than the basic essence of hair and nails. In hair, its presence is irregular in the outer layer (cuticle) and regular in the inner layer (cortex).
Elasticity is the ability of an object or material to resume its normal shape after being stretched or compressed.
A perm doesn’t affect the keratine structure of natural straight hair; however that can happen on frizzy hair.
At this point, it’s spontaneous to wonder: why hair can become wavy? What happens to the hair? If you don’t know how to answer to these questions, don’t miss the next article on permed hair.
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